The 4 Physiologic Etiologies of Shock, and the 3 Etiologies of Cardiogenic Shock

A 60-something presented with hypotension, bradycardia, chest pain and back pain. She had a h/o aortic aneurysm, aortic insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension.  She had a mechanical aortic valve.  She was on anti-hypertensives including atenolol, and on coumadin, with an INR of 2.3.  She was ill appearing.  BP was 70/49, pulse 60. A bedside